**Question 1.Radius of circle is 10 cm. There are two chords of length 16 cm each. What will be the distance of these chords from the centre of the circle ?Given: In a circle with centre O,OR and OP are radii and RS and PQ are its congruent chords.PQ = RS= 16 cm,OR = OP = 10 cmseg OU ⊥ chord PQ, P-U-Qseg OT ⊥ chord RS, R-T-STo find: Distance of chords from centre of the circle.Solution:**

ii. In ∆OUP, ∠OUP = 90°

∴ OP^{2} = OU^{2} + PU^{2} [Pythagoras theorem]

∴ 10^{2} = OU^{2} + 8^{2} [From (i)]

∴ 100 = OU^{2} + 64

∴ OU^{2} = 100 – 64 = 36

∴ OU = √36 [Taking square root on both sides]

∴ OU = 6 cm

iii. Now, OT = OU [Congruent chords of a circle are equidistant from the centre.]

∴ OT = OU = 6cm

∴ The distance of the chords from the centre of the circle is 6 cm.

**Question 2.In a circle with radius 13 cm, two equal chords are at a distance of 5 cm from the centre. Find the lengths of chords.Given: In a circle with cente O,OA and OC are the radii and AB and CD are its congruent chords,OA = OC = 13cm0E = OF = 5 cmseg 0E ⊥ chord CD, C-E-Dseg OF ⊥ chord AB. A-F-BTo find: length of the chordsSolution:**

i. In ∆AFO, ∠AFO = 90°

∴ AO

^{2}= AF

^{2}+ FO

^{2}[Pythagoras theorem]

∴ 13

^{2}= AF

^{2}+ 5

^{2}

∴ 169 = AF

^{2}+ 25

∴ AF

^{2}= 169-25

∴ AF

^{2}= 144

∴ AF = 12 cm …..(i)

∴ AB = 12 x 2 = 24 cm

∴ CD = AB = 24 cm [chord AB ≅ chord CD]

∴ The lengths of the two chords are 24 cm each.

**Question 3.Seg PM and seg PN are congruent chords of a circle with centre C. Show that the ray PC is the bisector of ∠NPM.Given: Point C is the centre of the circle.chord PM ≅ chord PNTo prove: Ray PC is the bisector of ∠NPM.Construction: Draw seg CR ⊥ chord PN, P-R-Nseg CQ ⊥ chord PM, P-Q-MProof:**

chord PM chord PN [Given]

seg CR ⊥ chord PN

seg CQ ⊥ chord PM [Construction]

∴ segCR ≅ segCQ ….(i) [Congruent chords are equidistant from the centre]

In ∆PRC and ∆PQC,

∠PRC ≅ ∠PQC [Each is of 90°]

segCR ≅ segCQ [From (i)]

seg PC ≅ seg PC [Common side]

∴ ∆PRC ≅ ∆PQC [Hypotenuse side test]

∴ ∠RPC ≅ ∠QPC [c. a. c. t.]

∴ ∠NPC ≅ ∠MPC [N- R-P, M-Q-P]

∴ Ray PC is the bisector of ∠NPM.

**Intext Questions and Activities**

**Question 1.Prove the following two theorems for two congruent circles. (Textbook pg. no. 81)i. Congruent chords in congruent circles are equidistant from their respective centres.ii. Chords of congruent circles which are equidistant from their respective centres are congruent.Write ‘Given’. ‘To prove’ and the proofs of these theorems.Solution:**

(i) Congruent chords in congruent circles are equidistant from their respective centres.

Given: Point P and point Q are the centres of congruent circles.

chord AB ≅ chord CD

seg PM ⊥ chord AB, A-M-B

seg QN ⊥ chord CD, C-N-D

To prove: PM = QN

Construction: Draw seg PA and seg QC.

Proof:

seg PM ⊥ chord AB, seg QN ⊥ chord CD [Given]

But, AB = CD ………(iii) [Given]

∴ AM = CN [From (i), (ii) and (iii)]

i.e., segAM ≅ segCN ….(iv) [Segments of equal lengths]

In ∆PMA and ∆QNC,

∠PMA ≅ ∠QNC [Each is of 90°]

hypotenuse PA ≅ hypotenuse QC [Radii of congruent circles]

seg AM ≅ seg CN [From (iv)]

∴ ∆PMA ≅ ∆QNC [Hypotenuse side test]

∴ segPM ≅ segQN [c. s. c. t.]

∴ PM ≅ QN [Length of congruent segments]

(ii) Chords of congruent circles which are equidistant from their respective centres are congruent.

Given: Point P and point Q are the centres of congruent circles.

seg PM ⊥ chord AB, A-M-B

seg QN ⊥ chord CD, C-N-D

PM = QN

To prove: chord AB ≅ chord CD

Construction: Draw seg PA and seg QC.

Proof:

In ∆PMA and ∆QNC,

∴ ∠PMA ≅ ∠QNC [Each is of 90°]

seg PM ≅ seg QN [Given]

hypotenuse PA ≅ hypotenuse QC [Radii of the congruent circles]

∴ ∆PMA ≅ ∆QNC [Hypotenuse side test]

∴ seg AM ≅ seg CN [c. s. c. t.]

∴ AM = CN ….(i) [Length of congruent segments]

Now, seg PM ⊥ chord AB, and seg QN ⊥ chord CD

∴ AB = CD [From (i), (ii) and (ii)]

∴ chord AB ≅ chord CD [Segments of equal lengths]