**(I) Select the correct option from the given alternatives.**

**Question 1.**

Hint:

**Question 2.**

(a) Exactly one is defined

(b) Exactly two are defined

(c) Exactly three are defined

(d) all four are defined

**Answer:**

(c) Exactly three are defined

Hint:

**Question 3.If A and B are square matrices of equal order, then which one is correct among the following?**

(a) A + B = B + A

(b) A + B = A – B

(c) A – B = B – A

(d) AB = BA

**Answer:**

(a) A + B = B + A

Hint:

Matrix addition is commutative.

∴ A + B = B + A

**Question 4.**

(a) (2, -1)

(b) (-2, 1)

(c) (2, 1)

(d) (-2, -1)

**Answer:**

(d) (-2, -1)

**Question 5.**

**Question 6.**

(a) x = 1, y = -2

(b) x = -1, y = 2

(c) x = 1, y = 2

(d) x = -1, y = -2**Answer:**

(c) x = 1, y = 2

**Question 7.**

**Question 8.**

(a) x = 3, y = 7, z = 1, w = 14

(b) x = 3, y = -5, z = -1, w = -4

(c) x = 3, y = 6, z = 2, w = 7

(d) x = -3, y = -7, z = -1, w = -14

**Answer:**

(a) x = 3, y = 7, z = 1, w = 14

**Question 9.For suitable matrices A, B, the false statement is ___________**

**Question 10.Hint:**

**(II) Answer the following questions.**

**Question 1.If A = diag[2, -3, -5], B = diag[4, -6, -3] and C = diag [-3, 4, 1], then findi. B + C – Aii. 2A + B – 5C.Solution:**

**Question 2.i. f(-α)ii. f(-α) + f(α)Solution:**

**Question 3.**

**Question 4.Solution:**

**Question 5.Solution:**

**Question 6.Solution:**

**Question 7.Solution:**

**Question 8.Solution:**

**Question 9.Solution:**

**Question 10.Solution:**

**Question 11.**

which is a null matrix.

**Question 12.Solution:**

**Question 13.Solution:**

**Question 14.Solution:**

**Question 15.Solution:**

**Question 16.**

-AB + BA = 0

AB = BA

By equality of matrices, we get

2 – 4x = -3x

∴ x = 2 and 2y = 2x

y = x

∴ y = 2

∴ x = 2, y = 2

**Question 17.**

∴ AB ≠ BA

**Question 18.Solution:**

∴ = I

Multiplying throughout by A, we get

= A . I

∴ = A

**Question 19.Find x, y if,Solution:**

**Question 20.Find x, y, z ifSolution:**

**Question 21.Solution:**

**Question 22.Solution:**

**Question 23.Solution:**

**Question 24.**

**Solution:**

**Question 25.Two farmers Shantaram and Kantaram cultivate three crops rice, wheat, and groundnut. The sale (in Rupees) of these crops by both the farmers for the month of April and may 2008 is given below,Find(i) the total sale in rupees for two months of each farmer for each crop.(ii) the increase in sales from April to May for every crop of each farmer.Solution:**

(i) Total sale for Shantaram:

For rice = 15000 + 18000 = ₹ 33000.

For wheat = 13000 + 15000 = ₹ 28000.

For groundnut = 12000 + 12000 = ₹ 24000.

Total sale for Kantaram:

For rice = 18000 + 21000 = ₹ 39000

For wheat = 15000 + 16500 = ₹ 31500

For groundnut = 8000 + 16000 = ₹ 24000

Alternate method:

Matrix form

∴ The total sale of April and May of Shantaram in ₹ is ₹ 33000 (rice), ₹ 28000 (wheat), ₹ 24000 (groundnut), and that of Kantaram in ₹ is ₹ 39000(rice), ₹ 31500(wheat), and ₹ 24000 (groundnut).

(ii) Increase in sale from April to May for Shantaram:

For rice = 18000 – 15000 = ₹ 3000

For wheat = 15000 – 13000 = ₹ 2000

For groundnut = 12000 – 12000 = ₹ 0

Increase in sale from April to May for Kantaram:

For rice = 21000 – 18000 = ₹ 3000

For wheat = 16500 – 15000 = ₹ 1500

For groundnut = 16000 – 8000 = ₹ 8000

Alternate method:

Matrix form

∴ The increase in sales for Shantaram from April to May in each crop is ₹ 3000 (rice), ₹ 2000(wheat), 0 (groundnut), and that for Kantaram is ₹ 3000 (rice), ₹ 1500 (wheat), and ₹ 8000 (groundnut).