Question 1.

Which number is neither a prime number nor a composite number?

Solution:

1

Question 2.

Which of the following are pairs of co-primes?

i. 8,14

ii. 4,5

iii. 17,19

iv. 27,15

Solution:

i. Factors of 8: 1, 2, 4, 8

Factors of 14: 1, 2, 7, 14

∴ Common factors of 8 and 14: 1,2

∴ 8 and 14 are not a pair of co-prime numbers.

ii. Factors of 4: 1, 4

Factors of 5: 1, 5

∴ Common factors of 4 and 5: 1

∴ 4 and 5 are a pair of co-prime numbers.

iii. Factors of 17: 1, 17

Factors of 19: 1, 19

∴ Common factors of 17 and 19: 1

∴ 17 and 19 are a pair of co-prime numbers.

iv. Factors of 27: 1, 3, 9, 27

Factors of 15: 1, 3, 5, 15 .

∴ Common factors of 27 and 15 : 1,3

∴ 27 and 15 are not a pair of co-prime numbers.

Question 3.

List the prime numbers from 25 to 100 and say how many they are.

Solution:

29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97.

There are 16 prime numbers from 25 to 100.

Question 4.

Write all the twin prime numbers from 51 to 100.

Solution:

- 59 and 61
- 71 and 73

Question 5.

Write 5 pairs of twin prime numbers from 1 to 50.

Solution:

- 3,5
- 5,7
- 11,13
- 17,19
- 29,31
- 41,43

Question 6.

Which are the even prime numbers?

Solution:

2

**Intext Questions and Activities**

Question 1.

Answer the following questions. (Textbook pg. no. 15)

i. Which is the smallest prime number?

ii. List the prime numbers from 1 to 50. How many are they?

iii. Identify the prime numbers in the list below.

17, 15 ,4, 3, 1, 2, 12, 23, 27, 35, 41, 43, 58, 51, 72, 79, 91, 97.

Solution:

i. 2 is the smallest prime number.

ii. There are 15 prime numbers from 1 to 50.

They are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47.

iii. [17], 15 ,4, [3], 1, [2], 12, [23], 27, 35, [41], [43], 58, 51, 72, [79], 91, [97].